Having diabetic means you are in a serious health condition. It is one of the chronic illnesses you must aware of. Sadly, not many people know and understand this. Meanwhile, the number of people who are diabetic is increasing. It gets worse because of overweight or obese. Before we go further, you need to know that there are two types of diabetes. Thus, in this article, we have listed for you about the difference of type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
No matter you have the type 1 or 2, both of them affects your sugar blood or glucose. If you don’t know what glucose is, it is something that fills your body cell. Glucose cannot arrive into the cells without insulin. This where we start to talk about the difference of type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Even though there are differences, it doesn’t mean one is better than the other. Remember, both of them are full of risk into complications.
1. The Insulin
We have mentioned above about the insulin. Furthermore, about it, insulin is a hormone from your pancreas. It is key to manage your sugar from the food you take. Their job allows your body to use sugar or not. Also, insulin “tells” glucose to store the sugar for the future. So, now you know that insulin is the leader to manage your sugar blood. People who have the type 1 lose this key, while type 2 still having it but it doesn’t respond. Simply said, type 1 doesn’t have the key, type 2 has a broken key.
2. The Symptoms
Actually, the symptoms between them are the same. But there is one different symptom you can use to predict. People with diabetes type 1 often mood changes and losing their weight irrationally. On the other hand, type 2 get a tingling sensation in their hands or feet. Or, they sometimes get numbness suddenly. However, the symptom of type 2 cannot be tracked. It is different from type 1 which develop very fast.
3. The Causes
Now we move on to the causes. It is very important to know, so you can avoid or at least minimize it. People with type 1 need to deal with the misunderstood immune system. When the immune has to attack the viruses and bacteria, in this case, the immune reads health cells as the invaders. While for people with type 2 still produces insulin but it is unused. Because your body cannot handle it more, then glucose will store in the bloodstream.
4. The Risk Factors
In fact, both of them are triggered by different factors. Diabetes type 1 can appear in any age and possibly from genetics. If you have parents or siblings with diabetes type 1, then you have to keep your healthy because you are risky for it. While for type 2 is mostly caused by obese. It attacks people that physically not really active, so type 2 is common for age over 45. Also, women with polycystic ovarian syndrome should aware too.
5. The Treatment
Unluckily, until now there is no cure for diabete type 1. These people must regularly take an injection in certain body’s part, such as arm, stomach, or buttocks. It is due to add the insulin so their blood sugar is normal. Because their level could be up and down quickly. While for type 2 can be controlled by having exercise and diet. But here changing life style is not enough. These people need doctor’s help so their insulin can work properly.
Those are the difference of type 1 and type 2 diabetes you must know. You might not have it, but just in case your family, friends, or neighbour get it, you already knew how to handle. Managing your nutrition intake is the simplest thing that you can do as prevention.